Causes for the establishment of new desalination water plants in Egypt - MENA startups, innovation, and tech news


Causes for the establishment of new desalination water plants in Egypt

Causes for the establishment of new desalination water plants in Egypt

The Egyptian nation consists of three varieties of soil types the dessert, the delta, and the fertile. The geographical feature of Egypt comprises 85% of flatlands surrounded by desserts. The only major source of water in Egypt is “The Nile” river, even though Egyptians depend on one of the longest rivers in the world for survival this river follows through 11 countries and empties into the belongs to 3 wide nations Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan.

The fight for water among these nations has been happening for years. Over 55.5 % of the Nile river is being consumed by Egyptians but still, the water scarcity is highly increasing in North-Eastern Africa due to variations of mud and soil, temperature changes, growing population, and so on.

Egyptians strive for freshwater as the present water available per person per year in Egypt is 570 cubic meters which are likely to be reduced to 500 cubic meters in 2025. In addition to this, The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam which was being built across the Nile river is an added disadvantage for Egyptians as the GERD project is set up to consume water from the Nile river for the purpose of production of electricity and consumption of water by Ethiopians.

Though Ethiopian officials state that they would definitely consider the welfare of Egypt and Sudan in this project, the water scarcity depriving in Egypt will increase in the upcoming years. Water scarcity in Egypt uplifted the modern techniques to produce fresh water. The Egyptian government has planned to spend a huge amount of 435 Billion USD on this project in which 135 Billion USD would be spent on desalination plants and 300 Billion USD would be spent on Waste Water management projects.

The Egyptian president Abdel-Fattahel Sisi has stated that this plan is likely to be completed in 6 phases, would be able to produce 6.4 million cubic meters of fresh water per year. In addition to this, the spokesman of the Egyptian presidency announced that post completion of the first phase of the water management project the plants produce 1.3 million cubic meters of fresh water per day.

This plan ends in 2050 post completion of the construction of 65 desalinated water plants worth producing 750,000 cubic meters of fresh water per day. The following table lists the name of 6 governorates where the desalinated water plants are to be set up.

Governorate area Number of plants Water produced in Cubic meters
Matrouh 14 250,000 Cubic meters
The Red Sea 18 109,000 Cubic meters
North Sinai and South Sinai 21 95,000 Cubic meters
Ismailiyah 1 30,000 Cubic meters
Suez 2 55,000 Cubic meters


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